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Astrophsyics

Projects: Past Missions

Planck Planck
Launch date: 14 May 2009
Retired: 23 October 2013
http://www.esa.int/SPECIALS/Planck/

Planck was decommissioned in 2013, but data analysis activities continue.


LISA Pathfinder/ST7 LISA Pathfinder/ST7
Launch date: 3 December 2015
Retired: 18 July 2017
http://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/lisa-pathfinder/

LISA Pathfinder was an ESA technology test mission for the eLISA/NGO mission to search for gravitational waves generated by massive objects such as black holes. NASA contributed one of two payloads, named ST-7.

LISA Pathfinder paved the way for eLISA/NGO. It tested new methods of spacecraft control and determined if laser interferometry is feasible at the level of accuracy required by eLISA/NGO.

LISA Pathfinder placed two test-masses in a nearly perfect gravitational free-fall, for controlling and measuring their motion with unprecedented accuracy. This was achieved through state-of-the-art technology comprising inertial sensors, a laser metrology system, a drag-free control system, and an ultra-precise micro-propulsion system.

All these technologies are essential not only for eLISA/NGO—they also lie at the heart of any future space-based test of Einstein's General Relativity. LISA Pathfinder was launched in 2015.

Final Launch Preparations for LISA Pathfinder: Images of Integration of LISA Pathfinder into VEGA rocket. Photo credit(s): ESA, Manuel Pedoussaut, 2015

Related Past Missions

The following retired missions were part of the Explorer Program, but their science is closely related to the Physics of the Cosmos Theme.

Hitomi Hitomi
Launch date: 12 February 2016
http://astro-h.isas.jaxa.jp/en/

Hitomi (formerly ASTRO-H) is an X-ray observation satellite that will explore the extreme universe, particularly high energy phenomena around black holes and supernova explosions, and clusters of galaxies filled with high-temperature plasma.

Rossi XTE RXTE
Launch date: 30 December 1995
Decommissioned: 5 January 2012
http://rxte.gsfc.nasa.gov/
Suzaku Suzaku
Launch date: 10 July 2005
http://suzaku.gsfc.nasa.gov/
Swift WMAP
Launch date: 30 June 2001
Last command received: 28 October 2010
http://wmap.gsfc.nasa.gov/

The European Space Agency LISA observatory


PCOS News

Program News and Announcements

26 June 2020
Based on extensive feedback from the community, including the recent COPAG survey and APAC discussion, the Astrophysics Data Analysis Program will be solicited in ROSES-2021. »  Details.
16 June 2020
Senior Review of NASA Astrophysics Archives Report is now available here [PDF].
15 June 2020
Astrophysics Program Scientist civil servant positions at NASA Headquarters: open in USAJOBS June 29–July 6. »  Details.
15 June 2020
Astrophysics Data Analysis Program (ADAP) Proposal Deadline extended to Thurs 16 July 2020.
15 June 2020
NASA's Cosmic Origins Program Analysis Group Executive Committee (COPAG EC) is soliciting input on the impacts of COVID-19 on Cosmic Origins research via ADAP. The survey deadline has been extended until Friday, June 19, 2020 »  Details.
4 June 2020
Astrophysics Advisory Committee Virtual Meeting to be held June 23–24, 2020 »  Details.
3 June 2020
2020 Spring Meeting of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board/Space Studies Board, June 8–11, 2020 Details.
3 June 2020
ROSES-20 Amendment 28: Final Text and Due Dates for Astrophysics Explorers U.S. Participating Investigators. Details.
29 May 2020
Proposals for NASA's Strategic Astrophysics Technology will not be solicited in 2020, instead waiting for Decadal recommendations. »  Details.
28 May 2020
NASA SMD releases new five-year Science Plan, "Science 2020-2024: A Vision for Scientific Excellence." »  Details.
26 May 2020
NASA's Cosmic Origins Program Analysis Group Executive Committee (COPAG EC) is soliciting input on the impacts of COVID-19 on Cosmic Origins research via ADAP. The survey closes on Monday, June 5, 2020 »  Details.
20 May 2020
NASA names WFIRST in honor of Nancy Grace Roman, a tireless advocate for new tools that would allow scientists to study the broader universe from space. »  Details.
18 May 2020
NASA releases DRAFT text for a new "Astrophysics Pioneers" opportunity. Comments due June 15, 2020. »  Details.
18 May 2020
Join NASA Science Live at 11 a.m. EDT on Wednesday, 20 May 2020, for an exciting announcement on WFIRST! Details and participation links here and here.
7 May 2020
Provide your input on balloon platform capabilities that could enable your science in the next 10 years by completing this survey for NASA's Scientific Balloon Program.
29 Apr 2020
NASA SMD calls for nominations, including self-nominations, to serve on the WFIRST Science Interest Group (WSIG). »  Details
27 Apr 2020
NASA SMD anticipates one or more short-window openings this summer for civil servant Program Scientists at NASA HQ. »  Details
16 Apr 2020
HaloSat Year 1 Data now eligible for funding under ADAP. »  Details
13 Apr 2020
Attend the virtual APS April 2020 meeting! The meeting is open to all and includes three PCOS sessions. Register (no fee) to attend sessions.
7 Apr 2020
NASA announces new ROSES element for LISA Preparatory Science, with mandatory NOI due 15 Sep 2020 and proposal due 15 Dec 2020, and new element for workshops & conferences in ROSES-20, with rolling submission through 29 Mar 2021.
6 Apr 2020
NASA announces new due dates for ADAP (Jun 30) and TCAN (Jun 23) 2020 proposals, cancels ADAP 2021 solicitation. Reminders on dual-anonymous ADAP guidelines.

Project News

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  • Web Curator: Pat Tyler
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