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Astrophsyics

Projects: Current Missions

Chandra Chandra X-ray Observatory
Launch date: 23 July 1999
http://chandra.harvard.edu/

The Chandra X-ray Observatory, a NASA Great Observatory, provides the most detailed view to date of the X-ray universe. With its exquisite imaging capabilities and high spectral resolution scientists have investigated phenomena as diverse as the spectra of Jupiter's aurora, the effects of dark energy on the growth of galaxy clusters, and the properties of faint x-ray sources in deep fields.

Fermi Fermi
Launch date: 11 June 2008
http://fermi.gsfc.nasa.gov/

The Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope (formerly GLAST) is providing our deepest and most detailed map of the gamma-ray sky. Fermi has recorded high-energy gamma rays produced by supernovae, pulsars, extreme flows of energy from systems powered by black holes, and gamma-ray bursts.

XMM-Newton XMM-Newton
Launch date: 10 Dec 1999
http://xmm.esac.esa.int/

XMM-Newton, the X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission, is the second cornerstone of the ESA Horizon 2000 program. With high collecting area in the x-ray band, XMM provides vital information for studies of fundamental and relativistic processes from neutron stars and active galactic nuclei, the creation and dispersal of the elements in supernovae, the distribution of dark matter in clusters, groups, and elliptical galaxies, and young active stars to constrain models of the early solar system and star forming regions.

Related Current Missions

The following missions are part of the Explorer Program, but their science is closely related to the Physics of the Cosmos Theme.

ISS-CREAM ISS-CREAM
Launch date: August 2017
https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=1038

The Cosmic-Ray Energetics and Mass for the International Space Station investigation, known as ISS-CREAM, places a highly successful balloon-borne instrument aboard the International Space Station where it gathers an order of magnitude (10 times) more data, which has lower background interference because Earth's atmosphere is no longer interfering. ISS-CREAM's instruments measure the charges of cosmic rays ranging from hydrogen up through iron nuclei, over a broad energy range. The modified balloon instrument is carried aloft on a Space X Dragon Lab cargo supply mission and placed on the Japanese Exposed Module for a period of at least three years.

NICER NICER
Launch date: 3 June 2017
https://www.nasa.gov/nicer/

The Neutron star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER) is an International Space Station (ISS) payload devoted to the study of neutron stars through soft X-ray timing. Neutron stars are unique environments in which all four fundamental forces of nature are simultaneously important. The nature of matter under these conditions is a decades-old unsolved problem, one most directly addressed with measurements of the masses and, especially, radii of neutron stars to high precision (i.e., better than 10 percent uncertainty). NICER will enable rotation-resolved spectroscopy of the thermal and non-thermal emissions of neutron stars in the soft (0.2-12 keV) X-ray band with unprecedented sensitivity, probing interior structure, the origins of dynamic phenomena, and the mechanisms that underlie the most powerful cosmic particle accelerators known.

NuSTAR NuSTAR
Launch date: 13 June 2012
http://www.nustar.caltech.edu/
Swift Swift
Launch date: 20 November 2004
http://swift.gsfc.nasa.gov/
Integral INTEGRAL
Launch date: 17 October 2002
http://integral.esac.esa.int/


PCOS News

Program News and Announcements

7 November 2019
NASA HQ has announced that all GO & GI programs will be converting to dual-anonymous peer review over the next year. »  Details
30 October 2019
The deadline to submit abstracts to give a lightning talk at the Jan AAS PCOS & PhysPAG session on a revolutionary multimessenger / multimission astrophysics discovery that involves at least one NASA mission is extended to Wed 27 Nov 2019.
7 October 2019
The deadline for Call for Nominations to Augment the NASA LISA Study Team has been extended to 11 Oct 2019. »  Details
30 September 2019
The application deadline for "The PI Launchpad: From Science Idea to NASA Mission" is extended to 15 Oct 2019. NASA Headquarters Science Mission Directorate (the level up from NASA Astrophysics Division) is co-organizing the Nov 18–20 workshop in Tuscon, AZ, in the interests of broadening the pool of potential NASA PIs. »  Details
19 September 2019
The PhysPAG EC nomination deadline, including self-nominations, is extended to Monday 30 Sept 2019. We welcome self nominations and particularly encourage people of diverse backgrounds and viewpoints. Useful skills include good communication, a desire and ability to facilitate community organization and collaborative conclusions, and a broad perspective. See the announcement letter with instructions for nominating
13 September 2019
Submit your abstract today to give a 5min lightning talk on a revolutionary multimessenger / multimission astrophysics discovery that involves at least one NASA mission at the Jan AAS PCOS & PhysPAG session! Abstracts due by 31 Oct 2019.

Project News

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Links

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  • NASA Official: Phil Newman
  • Web Curator: Pat Tyler
Goddard Space Flight Center
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